Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “The path towards sustainable energy sources will be long and sometimes difficult. But America cannot resist this transition, we must lead it... That is how we will preserve our planet, commanded to our care by God. That’s what will lend meaning to the creed our fathers once declared.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Dictionary of Science Quotations > Scientist Names Index W > Alfred North Whitehead Quotes

Thumbnail of Alfred North Whitehead (source)
Alfred North Whitehead
(15 Feb 1861 - 30 Dec 1947)

English mathematician and philosopher who worked in logic, physics, and later in his life spent more time on the philosophy of science and metaphysics. He worked with Bertrand Russell on Principia Mathematica which shows that logic underlies all mathematics.


Science Quotes by Alfred North Whitehead (83 quotes)

>> Click for Alfred North Whitehead Quotes on | Discovery | Science |

A few generations ago the clergy, or to speak more accurately, large sections of the clergy were the standing examples of obscurantism. Today their place has been taken by scientists.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Function of Reason (1929), 34-35.
Science quotes on:  |  Accurately (3)  |  Clergy (3)  |  Example (30)  |  Generation (71)  |  Obscurantism (2)  |  Scientist (287)  |  Section (3)  |  Speaking (38)  |  Standing (10)

A science which hesitates to forget its founders is lost.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Address to the British Association, Newcastle. 'The Organisation of Thought,' printed in Nature (28 Sep 1916), 98, 80. Also collected in The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 162.
Science quotes on:  |  Forget (12)  |  Founder (8)  |  Hesitate (2)  |  Lost (15)  |  Science (1048)

A single tree by itself is dependent upon all the adverse chances of shifting circumstances. The wind stunts it: the variations in temperature check its foliage: the rains denude its soil: its leaves are blown away and are lost for the purpose of fertilisation. You may obtain individual specimens of line trees either in exceptional circumstances, or where human cultivation had intervened. But in nature the normal way in which trees flourish is by their association in a forest. Each tree may lose something of its individual perfection of growth, but they mutually assist each other in preserving the conditions of survival. The soil is preserved and shaded; and the microbes necessary for its fertility are neither scorched, nor frozen, nor washed away. A forest is the triumph of the organisation of mutually dependent species.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1926), 296-7.
Science quotes on:  |  Assistance (4)  |  Circumstance (32)  |  Cultivation (15)  |  Dependence (26)  |  Ecology (29)  |  Fertility (10)  |  Foliage (4)  |  Forest (64)  |  Freezing (11)  |  Growth (85)  |  Organization (60)  |  Preservation (18)  |  Shift (11)  |  Soil (34)  |  Temperature (33)  |  Tree (97)  |  Wind (35)

Almost all really new ideas have a certain aspect of foolishness when they are first produced.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1926, 2011), 60.
Science quotes on:  |  Aspect (22)  |  First (60)  |  Foolishness (5)  |  Idea (286)  |  New (149)

Any ignorance is blank ignorance, because knowledge of any factor requires no ignorance.
— Alfred North Whitehead
'The Relatedness of Nature', The Principle of Relativity (1922, 2007), 22.
Science quotes on:  |  Blank (5)  |  Factor (21)  |  Ignorance (133)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Requirement (38)

Aristotle discovered all the half-truths which were necessary to the creation of science.
— Alfred North Whitehead
From Dialogue XLII in Alfred North Whitehead and Lucien Price (ed.), Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead (1954, 1977), 344.
Science quotes on:  |  Aristotle (108)  |  Discovery (449)  |  Science (1048)  |  Truth (532)

By relieving the brain of all unnecessary work, a good notation sets it free to concentrate on more advanced problems, and in effect increases the mental power of the race.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 59.
Science quotes on:  |  Advanced (5)  |  Brain (121)  |  Concentration (9)  |  Mind (321)  |  Notation (7)  |  Problem (225)  |  Relief (9)

Culture is activity of thought, and receptiveness to beauty and humane feeling. Scraps of information have nothing to do with it. A merely well informed man is the most useless bore on God's earth. What we should aim at producing is men who possess both culture and expert knowledge in some special direction.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Opening sentences of Chapter 1, In Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Activity (56)  |  Beauty (120)  |  Culture (53)  |  Feeling (56)  |  Humane (4)  |  Thought (215)

During the school period the student has been mentally bending over his desk; at the University he should stand up and look around. For this reason it is fatal if the first year at the University be frittered away in going over the old work in the old spirit. At school the boy painfully rises from the particular towards glimpses at general ideas; at the University he should start from general ideas and study their applications to concrete cases.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 26.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (84)  |  Concreteness (3)  |  Education (212)  |  Frittering (2)  |  Generality (18)  |  Glimpse (4)  |  Idea (286)  |  Old (34)  |  Particular (30)  |  School (43)  |  Spirit (67)  |  Stand (28)  |  University (37)  |  Work (257)

Every intellectual revolution which has ever stirred humanity into greatness has been a passionate protest against inert ideas. Then, alas, with pathetic ignorance of human psychology, it has proceeded by some educational scheme to, bind humanity afresh with inert ideas of its own fashioning.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 14.
Science quotes on:  |  Education (212)  |  Greatness (30)  |  Humanity (56)  |  Idea (286)  |  Ignorance (133)  |  Intellect (121)  |  Pathetic (2)  |  Protest (4)  |  Psychology (78)  |  Revolution (42)

Every philosophy is tinged with the colouring of some secret imaginative background, which never emerges explicitly into its train of reasoning.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1925), 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Background (14)  |  Color (52)  |  Emerge (4)  |  Imaginative (2)  |  Never (20)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Reasoning (64)  |  Tinge (2)  |  Train (13)

Familiar things happen, and mankind does not bother about them. It requires a very unusual mind to undertake the analysis of the obvious.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World: Lowell Lectures, 1925 (1925), 6.
Science quotes on:  |  Analysis (97)  |  Mind (321)  |  Obvious (26)  |  Requirement (38)  |  Undertake (6)  |  Unusual (7)

I am sure that one secret of a successful teacher is that he has formulated quite clearly in his mind what the pupil has got to know in precise fashion. He will then cease from half-hearted attempts to worry his pupils with memorising a lot of irrelevant stuff of inferior importance.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 46.
Science quotes on:  |  Education (212)  |  Formulation (16)  |  Importance (138)  |  Inferior (5)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Memorization (2)  |  Precision (24)  |  Secret (58)  |  Success (129)  |  Teacher (63)

I do not share in this reverence for knowledge as such. It all depends on who has the knowledge and what he does with it. That knowledge which adds greatly to character is knowledge so handled as to transform every phase of immediate experience.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 32.
Science quotes on:  |  Character (50)  |  Education (212)  |  Experience (160)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Reverence (18)  |  Transformation (32)

I regret that it has been necessary for me in this lecture to administer such a large dose of four-dimensional geometry. I do not apologize, because I am really not responsible for the fact that nature in its most fundamental aspect is four-dimensional. Things are what they are; and it is useless to disguise the fact that “what things are” is often very difficult for our intellects to follow.
— Alfred North Whitehead
From The Concept of Nature (1920, 1964), 118.
Science quotes on:  |  Administer (2)  |  Aspect (22)  |  Difficult (16)  |  Disguise (4)  |  Dose (7)  |  Fact (387)  |  Fundamental (70)  |  Geometry (84)  |  Intellect (121)  |  Large (31)  |  Lecture (41)  |  Nature (650)  |  Necessary (36)  |  Regret (12)  |  Responsible (3)

I will not go so far as to say that to construct a history of thought without profound study of the mathematical ideas of successive epochs is like omitting Hamlet from the play which is named after him. That would be claiming too much. But it is certainly analogous to cutting out the part of Ophelia. This simile is singularly exact. For Ophelia is quite essential to the play, she is very charming-and a little mad. Let us grant that the pursuit of mathematics is a divine madness of the human spirit, a refuge from the goading urgency of contingent happenings.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1926), 31.
Science quotes on:  |  Contingent (4)  |  Divine (21)  |  Grant (9)  |  Happening (29)  |  Human (209)  |  Madness (22)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Pursuit (40)  |  Refuge (7)  |  Spirit (67)  |  Urgency (6)

Imagination is a contagious disease. It cannot be measured by the yard, or weighed by the pound, and then delivered to the students by members of the faculty. It can only be communicated by a faculty whose members themselves wear their learning with imagination.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 97.
Science quotes on:  |  Contagious (4)  |  Disease (185)  |  Education (212)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Learning (153)  |  Measurement (132)

In formal logic a contradiction is the signal of a defeat, but in the evolution of real knowledge it marks the first step in progress toward a victory. This is one great reason for the utmost toleration of variety of opinion. Once and forever, this duty of toleration has been summed up in the words, “Let both grow together until the harvest.”
— Alfred North Whitehead
In 'Religion and Science', The Atlantic (Aug 1925).
Science quotes on:  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Logic (146)  |  Progress (239)

In the first place, there can be no living science unless there is a widespread instinctive conviction in the existence of an Order of Things, and, in particular, of an Order of Nature.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1927), 4.
Science quotes on:  |  Conviction (32)  |  Existence (175)  |  Instinct (34)  |  Nature (650)  |  Order (86)  |  Science (1048)

Inventive genius requires pleasurable mental activity as a condition for its vigorous exercise. “Necessity is the mother of invention” is a silly proverb. “Necessity is the mother of futile dodges” is much closer to the truth. The basis of growth of modern invention is science, and science is almost wholly the outgrowth of pleasurable intellectual curiosity.
— Alfred North Whitehead
The Aims of Education and other Essays (1929, 1967), 45.
Science quotes on:  |  Curiosity (66)  |  Dodge (2)  |  Futile (3)  |  Genius (115)  |  Intellect (121)  |  Invention (205)  |  Mother (34)  |  Mother Of Invention (6)  |  Necessity (100)  |  Pleasure (70)  |  Progress (239)  |  Proverb (18)

It does not matter what men say in words, so long as their activities are controlled by settled instincts. The words may ultimately destroy the instincts. But until this has occurred, words do not count.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1925), 4.
Science quotes on:  |  Activity (56)  |  Control (55)  |  Count (19)  |  Destroy (17)  |  Instinct (34)  |  Man (280)  |  Matter (169)  |  Occur (10)  |  Say (16)  |  Settle (6)  |  Ultimately (3)  |  Word (121)

It is a profoundly erroneous truism, repeated by all copy-books and eminent people when they are speeches, that we should cultivate habit of thinking of what we are do The precise opposite is the case. Civilization advances by extending the number of important operations which we can perform without thinking about them. Operations of thought are like cavalry charges in a battle—they are strictly limited in number, they require fresh horses, and must only be made at decisive moments.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 61.
Science quotes on:  |  Battle (13)  |  Book (120)  |  Civilization (112)  |  Eminence (11)  |  Error (171)  |  Habit (51)  |  Horse (24)  |  Speech (26)  |  Thinking (195)  |  Thought (215)

It is a safe rule to apply that, when a mathematical or philosophical author writes with a misty profoundity, he is talking nonsense.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 227.
Science quotes on:  |  Author (29)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Misty (3)  |  Nonsense (19)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Rule (71)  |  Safety (25)  |  Talking (10)  |  Writing (66)

It is a temptation for philosophers that they should weave a fairy tale of the adjustment of factors; and then as an appendix introduce the notion of frustration, as a secondary aspect. I suggest to you that this is the criticism to be made on the monistic idealisms of the nineteenth century, and even of the great Spinoza. It is quite incredible that the Absolute, as conceived in monistic philosophy, should evolve confusion about its own details.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Modes of Thought (1938), 69-70.
Science quotes on:  |  19th Century (16)  |  Absolute (41)  |  Adjustment (7)  |  Confusion (26)  |  Criticism (41)  |  Detail (44)  |  Fairy Tale (2)  |  Frustration (4)  |  Idealism (3)  |  Incredible (10)  |  Philosopher (85)  |  Baruch Spinoza (4)  |  Temptation (6)

It is impossible not to feel stirred at the thought of the emotions of man at certain historic moments of adventure and discovery—Columbus when he first saw the Western shore, Pizarro when he stared at the Pacific Ocean, Franklin when the electric spark came from the string of his kite, Galileo when he first turned his telescope to the heavens. Such moments are also granted to students in the abstract regions of thought, and high among them must be placed the morning when Descartes lay in bed and invented the method of co-ordinate geometry.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Quoted in James Roy Newman, The World of Mathematics (2000), Vol. 1, 239.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (24)  |  Adventure (23)  |  Christopher Columbus (11)  |  René Descartes (33)  |  Discovery (449)  |  Electricity (88)  |  Emotion (34)  |  Benjamin Franklin (65)  |  Galileo Galilei (68)  |  Heaven (76)  |  Invention (205)  |  Kite (2)  |  Moment (29)  |  Pacific Ocean (2)  |  Shore (8)  |  Spark (11)  |  String (11)  |  Student (75)  |  Telescope (53)  |  Thought (215)

It is more important that a proposition be interesting than it be true. … But of course a true proposition is more apt to be interesting than a false one.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Adventures of Ideas (1933, 1967), 244.
Science quotes on:  |  Apt (4)  |  False (37)  |  Important (30)  |  Interesting (26)  |  Proposition (35)  |  Truth (532)

It is rigid dogma that destroys truth; and, please notice, my emphasis is not on the dogma, but on the rigidity. When men say of any question, “This is all there is to be known or said of the subject; investigation ends here,” that is death. It may be that the mischief comes not from the thinker but for the use made of his thinking by late-comers. Aristotle, for example, gave us our scientific technique … yet his logical propositions, his instruction in sound reasoning which was bequeathed to Europe, are valid only within the limited framework of formal logic, and, as used in Europe, they stultified the minds of whole generations of mediaeval Schoolmen. Aristotle invented science, but destroyed philosophy.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead, as recorded by Lucien Price (1954, 2001), 165.
Science quotes on:  |  Aristotle (108)  |  Dogma (15)  |  Instruction (20)  |  Investigation (113)  |  Logic (146)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Question (190)  |  Rigidity (3)  |  Scientific Method (108)  |  Thought (215)

It is the business of the future to be dangerous; and it is among the merits of science that it equips the future for its duties.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Science and the Modern World: Lowell Lectures, 1925 (1925), 291.
Science quotes on:  |  Business (34)  |  Dangerous (16)  |  Duty (34)  |  Future (135)  |  Merit (18)  |  Science (1048)

It must never be forgotten that education is not a process of packing articles in a trunk. Such a simile is entirely inapplicable. It is, of course, a process completely of its own peculiar genus. Its nearest analogue is the assimilation of food by a living organism: and we ail know how necessary to health is palatable food under suitable conditions.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 42.
Science quotes on:  |  Analog (2)  |  Assimilation (9)  |  Condition (88)  |  Education (212)  |  Food (91)  |  Forgetting (13)  |  Genius (115)  |  Health (103)  |  Inapplicable (2)  |  Necessity (100)  |  Organism (87)  |  Packing (3)  |  Palatable (2)  |  Process (121)  |  Simile (4)  |  Suitability (11)  |  Trunk (9)

Knowledge does not keep any better than fish. You may he dealing with knowledge of the old species, with some old truth; but somehow or other it must come to the students, as it were, just drawn out of the sea and with the freshness of its immediate importance.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 98.
Science quotes on:  |  Education (212)  |  Fish (41)  |  Freshness (5)  |  Importance (138)  |  Keeping (9)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Old (34)  |  Sea (73)  |  Student (75)  |  Truth (532)

Moral education is impossible apart from the habitual vision of greatness.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 74.
Science quotes on:  |  Education (212)  |  Greatness (30)  |  Habit (51)  |  Impossibility (45)  |  Morality (21)  |  Vision (30)

No man of science wants merely to know. He acquires knowledge to appease his passion for discovery. He does not discover in order to know, he knows in order to discover.
— Alfred North Whitehead
The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1967), 48.
Science quotes on:  |  Discovery (449)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Men Of Science (94)  |  Quip (71)

Not ignorance, but ignorance of ignorance is the death of knowledge. [Attributed]
— Alfred North Whitehead
As quoted in a number of sources, but usually without further citation, for example, in Wordsworth Dictionary of Quotations (1998), 459. Webmaster so far cannot confirm, so if you know the primary source, please make contact.
Science quotes on:  |  Death (213)  |  Ignorance (133)  |  Knowledge (819)

Order is not sufficient. What is required, is something much more complex. It is order entering upon novelty; so that the massiveness of order does not degenerate into mere repetition; and so that the novelty is always reflected upon a background of system.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Alfred North Whitehead, David Ray Griffin (ed.), Donald W. Sherburne (ed.), Process and Reality: an Essay in Cosmology (2nd Ed.,1979), 339.
Science quotes on:  |  Chaos (41)  |  Complexity (60)  |  Degenerate (2)  |  Novelty (12)  |  Order (86)  |  Repetition (20)  |  Requirement (38)  |  Sufficient (13)  |  System (81)

Our minds are finite, and yet even in these circumstances of finitude we are surrounded by possibilities that are infinite, and the purpose of human life is to grasp as much as we can out of the infinitude.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Dialogue 21 (28 Jun 1941). Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead (1954, 2001) 160.
Science quotes on:  |  Finite (13)  |  Infinite (54)  |  Life (566)  |  Mind (321)

Our problem is, in fact, to lit the world to our perceptions, and not our perceptions to the world.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Organisation of Thought: Educational and Scientific (1917), 228.
Science quotes on:  |  Fact (387)  |  Light (152)  |  Perception (30)  |  Problem (225)  |  World (329)

Periods of tranquillity are seldom prolific of creative achievement. Mankind has to be stirred up.
— Alfred North Whitehead
From Dialogue XIX in Alfred North Whitehead and Lucien Price (ed.), Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead (1954, 1977), 154.
Science quotes on:  |  Achievement (88)  |  Creative (14)  |  Mankind (128)  |  Period (37)  |  Prolific (2)  |  Seldom (15)  |  Tranquility (3)

Philosophy asks the simple question, What is it all about?
— Alfred North Whitehead
In 'Remarks: Analysis of Meaning', The Philosophical Review (Mar 1937), 46, No. 2, 178. Collected in Barbara MacKinnon, American Philosophy: A Historical Anthology (1985), 406.
Science quotes on:  |  Ask (26)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Question (190)  |  Simple (41)

Philosophy asks the simple question, What is it all about?
— Alfred North Whitehead
In 'Remarks: Analysis of Meaning', The Philosophical Review (Mar 1937), 46, No. 2, 178. Collected in Barbara MacKinnon, American Philosophy: A Historical Anthology (1985), 406.

Philosophy begins in wonder. And, at the end, when philosophic thought has done its best, the wonder remains. There have been added, however, some grasp of the immensity of things, some purification of emotion by understanding.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Modes of Thought: Six Lectures Delivered in Wellesley College, Massachusetts, and Two Lectures in the University of Chicago (1908, 1938), 168
Science quotes on:  |  Beginning (89)  |  End (68)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Remaining (11)  |  Thought (215)  |  Wonder (82)

Religion will not regain its old power until it can face change in the same spirit as does science. Its principles may be eternal, but the expression of those principles requires continual development.
— Alfred North Whitehead
The Atlantic (Aug 1925). In Evan Esar, 20,000 Quips and Quotes, 704
Science quotes on:  |  Science And Religion (184)

Science repudiates philosophy. In other words, it has never cared to justify its truth or explain its meaning.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Lowell Lecture (Feb 1925), 'The Origins of Modern Science', collected in Science and the Modern World (1925), 17.
Science quotes on:  |  Care (45)  |  Explanation (122)  |  Justification (24)  |  Meaning (70)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Science (1048)  |  Truth (532)

The aim of science is to seek the simplest explanations of complex facts. We are apt to fall into the error of thinking that the facts are simple because simplicity is the goal of our quest. The guiding motto in the life of every natural philosopher should be, Seek simplicity and distrust it.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Concept of Nature: Tarner Lectures Delivered in Trinity College, November 1919 (1920), 163.
Science quotes on:  |  Aim (29)  |  Apt (4)  |  Complex (26)  |  Distrust (3)  |  Error (171)  |  Explanation (122)  |  Fact (387)  |  Fall (41)  |  Goal (43)  |  Guiding (2)  |  Life (566)  |  Motto (16)  |  Natural Philosophy (16)  |  Quest (12)  |  Science (1048)  |  Seek (19)  |  Simplest (7)  |  Simplicity (108)  |  Thinking (195)

The art of progress is to preserve order amid change and to preserve change amid order. Life refuses to be embalmed alive. The more prolonged the halt in some unrelieved system of order, the greater the crash of the dead society.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology (1929), 515. As cited in Paul Grimley Kuntz, Alfred North Whitehead (1984), 14.
Science quotes on:  |  Art (102)  |  Change (173)  |  Order (86)  |  Preserve (10)  |  Progress (239)

The fading of ideals is sad evidence of the defeat of human endeavour. In the schools of antiquity philosophers aspired to impart wisdom, in modern colleges our humbler aim is to teach subjects
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education (1929), 39.
Science quotes on:  |  Antiquity (7)  |  Aspiration (10)  |  College (16)  |  Education (212)  |  Endeavor (11)  |  Fading (3)  |  Humble (8)  |  Ideal (30)  |  Imparting (2)  |  Modern (62)  |  Philosopher (85)  |  Subject (75)  |  Teaching (77)  |  Wisdom (100)

The first acquaintance which most people have with mathematics is through arithmetic. That two and two make four is usually taken as the type of a simple mathematical proposition which everyone will have heard of. … The first noticeable fact about arithmetic is that it applies to everything, to tastes and to sounds, to apples and to angels, to the ideas of the mind and to the bones of the body.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 9.
Science quotes on:  |  Acquaintance (8)  |  Angel (14)  |  Apple (25)  |  Application (84)  |  Arithmetic (48)  |  Body (121)  |  Bone (36)  |  Idea (286)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Mind (321)  |  Sound (31)  |  Taste (21)

The function of Latin literature is its expression of Rome. When to England and France your imagination can add Rome in the background, you have laid firm the foundations of culture. The understanding of Rome leads back to the Mediterranean civilisation of which Rome was the last phase, and it automatically exhibits the geography of Europe, and the functions of seas and rivers and mountains and plains. The merit of this study in the education of youth is its concreteness, its inspiration to action, and the uniform greatness of persons, in their characters and their staging. Their aims were great, their virtues were great, and their vices were great. They had the saving merit of sinning with cart ropes.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 74.
Science quotes on:  |  Aim (29)  |  Civilization (112)  |  Concreteness (3)  |  Culture (53)  |  Education (212)  |  England (24)  |  Europe (22)  |  France (12)  |  Geography (19)  |  Greatness (30)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Latin (11)  |  Literature (43)  |  Mediterranean (3)  |  Merit (18)  |  Mountain (81)  |  Plain (13)  |  River (44)  |  Rome (7)  |  Sea (73)  |  Sin (16)  |  Understanding (281)  |  Vice (9)  |  Virtue (33)

The greatest invention of the nineteenth century was the invention of the method of invention.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1925, 1997), 96.
Science quotes on:  |  19th Century (16)  |  Greatest (35)  |  Invention (205)  |  Method (101)

The history of Europe is the history of Rome curbing the Hebrew and the Greek, with their various impulses of religion, and of science, and of art, and of quest for material comfort, and of lust of domination, which are all at daggers drawn with each other. The vision of Rome is the vision of the unity of civilisation.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 79.
Science quotes on:  |  Civilization (112)  |  Comfort (26)  |  Dagger (3)  |  Domination (9)  |  Education (212)  |  Europe (22)  |  History (190)  |  Impulse (15)  |  Lust (4)  |  Quest (12)  |  Religion (133)  |  Rome (7)  |  Science And Art (125)  |  Unity (26)  |  Vision (30)

The laws of physics are the decrees of fate.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1926), 13.
Science quotes on:  |  Decree (3)  |  Fate (25)  |  Law (315)  |  Physics (196)

The originality of mathematics consists in the fact that in mathematical science connections between things are exhibited which, apart from the agency of human reason, are extremely unobvious.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1938), 32.
Science quotes on:  |  Connection (52)  |  Fact (387)  |  Human (209)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Originality (10)  |  Reason (205)  |  Science (1048)

The point of mathematics is that in it we have always got rid of the particular instance, and even of any particular sorts of entities. So that for example, no mathematical truths apply merely to fish, or merely to stones, or merely to colours. So long as you are dealing with pure mathematics, you are in the realm of complete and absolute abstraction. … Mathematics is thought moving in the sphere of complete abstraction from any particular instance of what it is talking about.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World: Lowell Lectures, 1925 (1925), 31.
Science quotes on:  |  Absolute (41)  |  Abstraction (15)  |  Application (84)  |  Color (52)  |  Complete (15)  |  Dealing (7)  |  Entity (10)  |  Fish (41)  |  Instance (10)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Moving (11)  |  Particular (30)  |  Point (34)  |  Pure Mathematics (13)  |  Realm (23)  |  Rid (3)  |  Sort (10)  |  Sphere (21)  |  Stone (34)  |  Talking (10)  |  Thought (215)  |  Truth (532)

The progress of Science consists in observing interconnections and in showing with a patient ingenuity that the events of this ever-shifting world are but examples of a few general relations, called laws. To see what is general in what is particular, and what is permanent in what is transitory, is the aim of scientific thought.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 11.
Science quotes on:  |  Aim (29)  |  Called (4)  |  Consist (10)  |  Event (63)  |  Example (30)  |  General (44)  |  Ingenuity (18)  |  Interconnection (6)  |  Law (315)  |  Particular (30)  |  Patient (65)  |  Permanent (10)  |  Progress (239)  |  Relation (58)  |  Science (1048)  |  Scientific (81)  |  See (50)  |  Showing (6)  |  Thought (215)  |  World (329)

The pupils have got to be made to feel that they are studying something, and are not merely executing intellectual minuets.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 21.
Science quotes on:  |  Education (212)  |  Intellectual (26)  |  Study (216)

The results of science are never quite true. By a healthy independence of thought perhaps we sometimes avoid adding other people’s errors to our own.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 149.
Science quotes on:  |  Error (171)  |  Independence (22)  |  Result (156)  |  Science (1048)  |  Thought (215)  |  Truth (532)

The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato. I do not mean the systematic scheme of thought which scholars have doubtfully extracted from his writings. I allude to the wealth of general ideas scattered through them.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Process and Reality (1929), 39.
Science quotes on:  |  Characterization (7)  |  Europe (22)  |  Footnote (2)  |  Philosophy (158)  |  Plato (33)  |  Tradition (21)

The science of pure mathematics … may claim to be the most original creation of the human spirit.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World: Lowell Lectures, 1925 (1925), 29.
Science quotes on:  |  Claim (32)  |  Creation (154)  |  Human Spirit (5)  |  Original (21)  |  Pure Mathematics (13)  |  Science (1048)

The sense for style … is an aesthetic sense, based on admiration for the direct attainment of a foreseen end, simply and without waste. `Style in art, style in literature, style in science, style in logic, style in practical execution have fundamentally the same aesthetic qualities, namely, attainment and restraint. The love of a subject in itself and for itself, where it is not the sleepy pleasure of pacing a mental quarter-deck, is the love of style as manifested in that study. Here we are brought back to the position from which we started, the utility of education. Style, in its finest sense, is the last acquirement of the educated mind; it is also the most useful. It pervades the whole being. The administrator with a sense for style hates waste; the engineer with a sense for style economises his material; the artisan with a sense for style prefers good work. Style is the ultimate morality of the mind.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 23.
Science quotes on:  |  Aesthetic (15)  |  Art (102)  |  Artisan (5)  |  Economy (29)  |  Education (212)  |  Engineer (48)  |  Execution (8)  |  Literature (43)  |  Logic (146)  |  Love (79)  |  Mind (321)  |  Morality (21)  |  Science (1048)  |  Style (7)  |  Subject (75)

The study of mathematics is apt to commence in disappointment. The important applications of the science, the theoretical interest of its ideas, and the logical rigour of its methods all generate the expectation of a speedy introduction to processes of interest. We are told that by its aid the stars are weighed and the billions of molecules in a drop of water are counted. Yet, like the ghost of Hamlet's father, this great science eludes the efforts of our mental weapons to grasp it.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Opening to An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (84)  |  Billion (29)  |  Commencement (5)  |  Disappointment (7)  |  Drop (12)  |  Effort (54)  |  Eluding (2)  |  Expectation (41)  |  Father (22)  |  Ghost (14)  |  Grasping (2)  |  Hamlet (3)  |  Idea (286)  |  Importance (138)  |  Interest (102)  |  Introduction (19)  |  Logic (146)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Mental (29)  |  Method (101)  |  Molecule (94)  |  Process (121)  |  Rigour (10)  |  Science (1048)  |  Star (157)  |  Study (216)  |  Theory (426)  |  Water (158)  |  Weapon (44)

The study of mathematics is apt to commence in disappointment. … We are told that by its aid the stars are weighed and the billions of molecules in a drop of water are counted. Yet, like the ghost of Hamlet's father, this greatest science eludes the efforts of our mental weapons to grasp it.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Opening of Chap 1, in An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Aid (14)  |  Apt (4)  |  Billion (29)  |  Commencement (5)  |  Count (19)  |  Disappointment (7)  |  Drop (12)  |  Effort (54)  |  Elude (2)  |  Father (22)  |  Ghost (14)  |  Grasp (17)  |  Greatest (35)  |  Hamlet (3)  |  Mathematics (438)  |  Mental (29)  |  Molecule (94)  |  Science (1048)  |  Star (157)  |  Study (216)  |  Water (158)  |  Weapon (44)  |  Weighing (2)

The task of a university is to weld together imagination and experience.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Aims of Education (1929), 140.
Science quotes on:  |  Experience (160)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Task (39)  |  Together (19)  |  University (37)

The tragedy of the world is that those who are imaginative have but slight experience, and those who are experienced have feeble imaginations. Fools act on imagination without knowledge, pedants act on knowledge without imagination.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 140.
Science quotes on:  |  Act (37)  |  Fool (39)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Knowledge (819)

The true method of discovery is like the flight of an aeroplane. It starts from the ground of particular observation; it makes a flight in the thin air of imaginative generalization; and it again lands for renewed observation rendered acute by rational interpretation.
— Alfred North Whitehead
Gifford lectures delivered in the University of Edinburgh during the session 1927-28. Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology (1929, 1979), 5.
Science quotes on:  |  Acute (5)  |  Air (103)  |  Airplane (21)  |  Discovery (449)  |  Flight (31)  |  Generalization (21)  |  Ground (24)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Interpretation (47)  |  Method (101)  |  Observation (320)  |  Particular (30)  |  Rational (21)  |  Renew (3)  |  True (37)

The university imparts information, but it imparts it imaginatively. At least, this is the function which it should perform for society. A university which fails in this respect has no reason for existence. This atmosphere of excitement, arising from imaginative consideration, transforms knowledge. A fact is no longer a bare fact: it is invested with all its possibilities. It is no longer a bur. den on the memory: it is energising as the poet of our dreams, and as the architect of our purposes.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 93.
Science quotes on:  |  Architect (8)  |  Dream (45)  |  Education (212)  |  Excitement (25)  |  Fact (387)  |  Function (58)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Information (66)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Memory (54)  |  Poet (42)  |  Purpose (86)  |  Society (104)  |  Transformation (32)  |  University (37)

The vitality of thought is in adventure. Idea's won't keep. Something must be done about them. When the idea is new, its custodians have fervour, live for it, and, if need be, die for it. Their inheritors receive the idea, perhaps now strong and successful, but without inheriting the fervour; so the idea settles down to a comfortable middle age, turns senile, and dies.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Alfred North Whitehead and Lucien Price (ed.), Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead (1954, 1977), 100.
Science quotes on:  |  Adventure (23)  |  Comfortable (2)  |  Custodian (2)  |  Die (6)  |  Do (19)  |  Fervor (3)  |  Idea (286)  |  Inherit (2)  |  Keep (12)  |  Live (18)  |  Middle Age (5)  |  Settle (6)  |  Strong (12)  |  Successful (7)  |  Thought (215)  |  Vitality (7)

The way in which the persecution of Galileo has been remembered is a tribute to the quiet commencement of the most intimate change in outlook which the human race had yet encountered. Since a babe was born in a manger, it may be doubted whether so great a thing has happened with so little stir
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1925), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Baby (9)  |  Birth (59)  |  Change (173)  |  Commencement (5)  |  Encounter (9)  |  Galileo Galilei (68)  |  Great (91)  |  Human Race (32)  |  Intimate (5)  |  Outlook (10)  |  Persecution (5)  |  Quiet (4)  |  Remember (22)  |  Stir (6)  |  Tribute (4)

There are no whole truths; all truths are half-truths. It is trying to treat them as whole truths that plays the devil.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead (1954), 16.
Science quotes on:  |  Devil (11)  |  Half (14)  |  Truth (532)  |  Trying (16)  |  Whole (55)

There is a tradition of opposition between adherents of induction and of deduction. In my view it would be just as sensible for the two ends of a worm to quarrel.
— Alfred North Whitehead
From address to the Mathematical and Physical Science Section of the British Association, Newcastle-on-Tyne (1916). In The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science (22 Sep 1916), 142.114, No. 2965,
Science quotes on:  |  Adherent (2)  |  Deduction (41)  |  End (68)  |  Induction (24)  |  Opposition (23)  |  Quarrel (6)  |  Sensible (12)  |  Tradition (21)  |  Worm (14)

There is no royal road to learning. But it is equally an error to confine attention to technical processes, excluding consideration of general ideas. Here lies the road to pedantry.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In An Introduction to Mathematics (1911), 8.
Science quotes on:  |  Attention (49)  |  Consideration (51)  |  Error (171)  |  Exclusion (10)  |  General (44)  |  Idea (286)  |  Learning (153)  |  Pedantry (4)  |  Process (121)  |  Road (23)  |  Royal (6)  |  Technical (9)

There is only one subject matter for education, and that is Life in all its manifestations. Instead of this single unity, we offer children—Algebra, from which nothing follows; Geometry, from which nothing follows; Science, from which nothing follows; History, from which nothing follows; a Couple of Languages, never mastered; and lastly, most dreary of all, Literature, represented by plays of Shakespeare, with philological notes and short analyses of plot and character to be in substance committed to memory.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 18.
Science quotes on:  |  Algebra (28)  |  Analysis (97)  |  Character (50)  |  Dreary (3)  |  Education (212)  |  Geometry (84)  |  History (190)  |  Language (89)  |  Life (566)  |  Literature (43)  |  Manifestation (24)  |  Mastery (12)  |  Memory (54)  |  Nothing (120)  |  Plot (6)  |  Science (1048)  |  William Shakespeare (65)  |  Subject (75)

To come very near to a true theory, and to grasp its precise application, are two different things, as the history of science teaches us. Everything of importance has been said before by someone who did not discover it.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Organisation of Thought (1917), 127. Collected in The Interpretation of Science: Selected Essays (1961), 33.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (84)  |  Discovery (449)  |  Everything (50)  |  History Of Science (38)  |  Importance (138)  |  Someone (5)  |  Theory (426)  |  Truth (532)

Very little of Roman literature will find its way into the kingdom of heaven, when the events of this world will have lost their importance. The languages of heaven will be Chinese, Greek, French, German, Italian, and English, and the blessed Saints will dwell with delight on these golden expressions of eternal life. They will be wearied with the moral fervour of Hebrew literature in its battle with a vanished evil, and with Roman authors who have mistaken the Forum for the footstool of the living God.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 73.
Science quotes on:  |  Chinese (3)  |  Education (212)  |  English (10)  |  Eternal (25)  |  Evil (38)  |  Expression (52)  |  Fervor (3)  |  French (7)  |  German (4)  |  God (261)  |  Greek (24)  |  Hebrew (3)  |  Importance (138)  |  Life (566)  |  Literature (43)  |  Roman (8)  |  Saint (7)

We forget how strained and paradoxical is the view of nature which modern science imposes on our thoughts.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1925), 104.
Science quotes on:  |  Forgetting (13)  |  Imposition (4)  |  Modern (62)  |  Nature (650)  |  Paradoxical (3)  |  Science (1048)  |  Strain (3)  |  Thought (215)  |  View (55)

What is peculiar and new to the [19th] century, differentiating it from all its predecessors, is its technology. It was not merely the introduction of some great isolated inventions. It is impossible not to feel that something more than that was involved. … The process of change was slow, unconscious, and unexpected. In the nineteeth century, the process became quick, conscious, and expected. … The whole change has arisen from the new scientific information. Science, conceived not so much in its principles as in its results, is an obvious storehouse of ideas for utilisation. … Also, it is a great mistake to think that the bare scientific idea is the required invention, so that it has only to be picked up and used. An intense period of imaginative design lies between. One element in the new method is just the discovery of how to set about bridging the gap between the scientific ideas, and the ultimate product. It is a process of disciplined attack upon one difficulty after another This discipline of knowledge applies beyond technology to pure science, and beyond science to general scholarship. It represents the change from amateurs to professionals. … But the full self-conscious realisation of the power of professionalism in knowledge in all its departments, and of the way to produce the professionals, and of the importance of knowledge to the advance of technology, and of the methods by which abstract knowledge can be connected with technology, and of the boundless possibilities of technological advance,—the realisation of all these things was first completely attained in the nineteeth century.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Science and the Modern World (1925, 1997), 96.
Science quotes on:  |  19th Century (16)  |  Amateur (11)  |  Boundless (8)  |  Change (173)  |  Conscious (6)  |  Design (49)  |  Differentiate (3)  |  Expected (4)  |  Ideal (30)  |  Imagination (162)  |  Information (66)  |  Invention (205)  |  Isolated (7)  |  Peculiar (12)  |  Predecessor (15)  |  Professional (11)  |  Realisation (2)  |  Scholarship (8)  |  Storehouse (3)  |  Technology (117)  |  Unconscious (10)  |  Unexpected (17)

What purpose is effected by a catalogue of undistinguished kings and queens? Tom, Dick, or Harry, they are all dead. General resurrections are failures, and are better postponed.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 20.
Science quotes on:  |  Catalog (3)  |  Death (213)  |  Education (212)  |  Failure (76)  |  King (16)  |  Purpose (86)  |  Queen (5)  |  Undistinguished (2)

Whatever be the detail with which you cram your student, the chance of his meeting in after life exactly that detail is almost infinitesimal; and if he does meet it, he will probably have forgotten what you taught him about it. The really useful training yields a comprehension of a few general principles with a thorough grounding in the way they apply to a variety of concrete details. In subsequent practice the men will have forgotten your particular details; but they will remember by an unconscious common sense how to apply principles to immediate circumstances. Your learning is useless to you till you have lost your textbooks, burnt your lecture notes, and forgotten the minutiae which you learned by heart for the examination. What, in the way of detail, you continually require will stick in your memory as obvious facts like the sun and the moon; and what you casually require can be looked up in any work of reference. The function of a University is to enable you to shed details in favor of principles. When I speak of principles I am hardly even thinking of verbal formulations. A principle which has thoroughly soaked into you is rather a mental habit than a formal statement. It becomes the way the mind reacts to the appropriate stimulus in the form of illustrative circumstances. Nobody goes about with his knowledge clearly and consciously before him. Mental cultivation is nothing else than the satisfactory way in which the mind will function when it is poked up into activity.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 37
Science quotes on:  |  Common Sense (48)  |  Comprehension (36)  |  Cram (2)  |  Detail (44)  |  Education (212)  |  Examination (53)  |  Generality (18)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Learning (153)  |  Lecture (41)  |  Principle (134)  |  Stimulus (12)  |  Student (75)  |  Textbook (13)  |  Training (28)  |  Usefulness (62)

When one considers in its length and in its breadth the importance of this question of the education of the nation's young, the broken lives, the defeated hopes, the national failures, which result from the frivolous inertia with which it is treated, it is difficult to restrain within oneself a savage rage. In the conditions of modern life the rule is absolute, the race which does not value trained intelligence is doomed. Not all your heroism, not all your social charm, not all your wit, not all your victories on land or at sea, can move back the finger of fate. To-day we maintain ourselves. To-morrow science will have moved forward yet one more step, and there will be no appeal from the judgment which will then be pronounced on the uneducated.
— Alfred North Whitehead
'The Aims of Education—A Plea for Reform', Organisation of Thought (1917, reprinted 1974), 28.
Science quotes on:  |  Education (212)

When questioned by Stanislaw Ulam, “Which is more important, ideas or things?” Alfred North Whitehead instantly replied, “Ideas about things.”
— Alfred North Whitehead
As described by Martin Gardner in book review, 'Adventures Of a Mathematician: The Man Who Invented the H-Bomb', New York Times (9 May 1976), 201.
Science quotes on:  |  Idea (286)  |  Importance (138)  |  Thing (34)  |  Stanislaw M. Ulam (3)

Whenever a textbook is written of real educational worth, you may be quite certain that some reviewer will say that it will be difficult to teach from it. Of course it will be difficult to teach from it. It it were easy, the book ought to be burned; for it cannot be educational. In education as elsewhere, the broad primrose path leads to a nasty place. This evil path is represented by a book or a set of lectures which will practically enable the student to learn by heart all the questions likely to be asked at the next external examination.
— Alfred North Whitehead
The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929, 1967), 5.
Science quotes on:  |  Book (120)  |  Education (212)

Without adventure civilization is in full decay. ... The great fact [is] that in their day the great achievements of the past were the adventures of the past.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In Adventures of Ideas (1933), 36.
Science quotes on:  |  Achievement (88)  |  Adventure (23)  |  Civilization (112)  |  Decay (21)  |  Fact (387)  |  Full (14)  |  Great (91)  |  Past (61)

Without deductive logic science would be entirely useless. It is merely a barren game to ascend from the particular to the general, unless afterwards we can reverse the process and descend from the general to the particular, ascending and descending like angels on Jacob's ladder.
— Alfred North Whitehead
The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1967), 52.
Science quotes on:  |  Logic (146)  |  Science (1048)

You may not divide the seamless coat of learning. What education has to impart is an intimate sense for the power of ideas, for the beauty of ideas, and for the structure of ideas, together with a particular body of knowledge which has peculiar reference to the life of the being possessing it.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 23.
Science quotes on:  |  Beauty (120)  |  Coat (3)  |  Education (212)  |  Idea (286)  |  Intimate (5)  |  Knowledge (819)  |  Learning (153)  |  Life (566)  |  Possessing (3)  |  Power (130)  |  Reference (11)  |  Structure (129)

You may take the noblest poetry in the world, and, if you stumble through it at snail's pace, it collapses from a work of art into a rubbish heap.
— Alfred North Whitehead
In The Aims of Education and Other Essays (1929), 76.
Science quotes on:  |  Art (102)  |  Collapse (10)  |  Education (212)  |  Noblest (4)  |  Pace (3)  |  Poetry (74)  |  Rubbish (6)  |  Snail (2)  |  Stumble (8)


See also:

Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Custom Quotations Search - custom search within only our quotations pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

who invites your feedback

- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton

Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.