Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “Nature does nothing in vain when less will serve; for Nature is pleased with simplicity and affects not the pomp of superfluous causes.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index C > Category: Climate

Climate Quotes (28 quotes)

Question: Why do the inhabitants of cold climates eat fat? How would you find experimentally the relative quantities of heat given off when equal weights of sulphur, phosphorus, and carbon are thoroughly burned?
Answer: An inhabitant of cold climates (called Frigid Zoans) eats fat principally because he can't get no lean, also because he wants to rise is temperature. But if equal weights of sulphur phosphorus and carbon are burned in his neighbourhood he will give off eating quite so much. The relative quantities of eat given off will depend upon how much sulphur etc. is burnt and how near it is burned to him. If I knew these facts it would be an easy sum to find the answer.
Genuine student answer* to an Acoustics, Light and Heat paper (1880), Science and Art Department, South Kensington, London, collected by Prof. Oliver Lodge. Quoted in Henry B. Wheatley, Literary Blunders (1893), 183, Question 32. (*From a collection in which Answers are not given verbatim et literatim, and some instances may combine several students' blunders.)
Science quotes on:  |  Answer (96)  |  Burning (13)  |  Carbon (28)  |  Cold (24)  |  Eating (13)  |  Emission (9)  |  Equal (22)  |  Examination (47)  |  Experiment (369)  |  Fact (325)  |  Fat (8)  |  Finding (19)  |  Heat (48)  |  Howler (15)  |  Inhabitant (7)  |  Knowledge (679)  |  Lean (2)  |  Neighborhood (3)  |  Phosphorus (9)  |  Quantity (23)  |  Question (159)  |  Relative (11)  |  Sulphur (9)  |  Sum (18)  |  Temperature (23)  |  Weight (41)  |  Zone (2)

A tree is beautiful, but what’s more, it has a right to life; like water, the sun and the stars, it is essential. Life on earth is inconceivable without trees. Forests create climate, climate influences peoples’ character, and so on and so forth. There can be neither civilization nor happiness if forests crash down under the axe, if the climate is harsh and severe, if people are also harsh and severe. ... What a terrible future!
In letter to A.S. Suvorin (18 Oct 1888).
Science quotes on:  |  Axe (4)  |  Beauty (88)  |  Character (39)  |  Civilization (90)  |  Crash (2)  |  Deforestation (27)  |  Essential (41)  |  Forest (54)  |  Future (110)  |  Happiness (58)  |  Harsh (2)  |  Inconceivable (2)  |  Influence (47)  |  Life (460)  |  People (72)  |  Right (49)  |  Severe (4)  |  Star (132)  |  Sun (115)  |  Terrible (4)  |  Tree (88)  |  Water (122)

As geologists, we learn that it is not only the present condition of the globe that has been suited to the accommodation of myriads of living creatures, but that many former states also have been equally adapted to the organization and habits of prior races of beings. The disposition of the seas, continents, and islands, and the climates have varied; so it appears that the species have been changed, and yet they have all been so modelled, on types analogous to those of existing plants and animals, as to indicate throughout a perfect harmony of design and unity of purpose. To assume that the evidence of the beginning or end of so vast a scheme lies within the reach of our philosophical inquiries, or even of our speculations, appears to us inconsistent with a just estimate of the relations which subsist between the finite powers of man and the attributes of an Infinite and Eternal Being.
Principles of Geology(1830-3), Vol. 3, 384-5.
Science quotes on:  |  Change (133)  |  Geologist (26)

But poverty, though it does not prevent the generation, is extremely unfavourable to the rearing of children. The tender plant is produced, but in so cold a soil, and so severe a climate, soon withers and dies.
An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). In The Works of Adam Smith (1812), Vol. 2, 120.
Science quotes on:  |  Birth (47)  |  Child (90)  |  Cold (24)  |  Death (183)  |  Generation (56)  |  Plant (96)  |  Poverty (21)  |  Rear (4)  |  Severe (4)  |  Soil (24)  |  Wither (2)

By felling the trees which cover the tops and sides of mountains, men in all climates seem to bring upon future generations two calamities at once; want of fuel and a scarcity of water.
In Alexander von Humboldt, Aimé Bonpland and Thomasina Ross (trans. and ed.) Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America: During the Years 1799-1804 (1852), Vol. 2, 9. (Translated from the original in French.)
Science quotes on:  |  Calamity (4)  |  Cover (10)  |  Deforestation (27)  |  Fuel (16)  |  Future (110)  |  Generation (56)  |  Mountain (66)  |  Scarcity (2)  |  Side (16)  |  Top (7)  |  Tree (88)  |  Want (32)  |  Water (122)

Curiously enough man's body and his mind appear to differ in their climatic adaptations.
The Red Man's Continent: A Chronicle of Aboriginal America (1919), 10.
Science quotes on:  |  Adaptation (23)  |  Man (258)  |  Mind (272)

Environmentalists may get off on climate porn, but most people just turn away. 'If it was really so bad, they'd do something,' says one colleague, without specifying who 'they' are. The human tendency to convince yourself that everything is OK, because no one else is worried, is deeply ingrained.
'Wake up and smell the smoke of disaster', The Times (8 Nov 2007).
Science quotes on:  |  Bad (21)  |  Colleague (11)  |  Convince (7)  |  Deeply (3)  |  Do (19)  |  Environmentalist (4)  |  Human (168)  |  People (72)  |  Tendency (18)  |  Turn (22)  |  Worry (11)

Fertile soil, level plains, easy passage across the mountains, coal, iron, and other metals imbedded in the rocks, and a stimulating climate, all shower their blessings upon man.
The Red Man's Continent: A Chronicle of Aboriginal America (1919), 87.
Science quotes on:  |  Coal (20)  |  Fertile (5)  |  Iron (33)  |  Mineral (24)  |  Mountain (66)  |  Soil (24)

Geologists are rapidly becoming convinced that the mammals spread from their central Asian point of origin largely because of great variations in climate.
The Red Man's Continent: A Chronicle of Aboriginal America (1919), 13.
Science quotes on:  |  Geologist (26)  |  Mammal (17)

How many times did the sun shine, how many times did the wind howl over the desolate tundras, over the bleak immensity of the Siberian taigas, over the brown deserts where the Earth’s salt shines, over the high peaks capped with silver, over the shivering jungles, over the undulating forests of the tropics! Day after day, through infinite time, the scenery has changed in imperceptible features. Let us smile at the illusion of eternity that appears in these things, and while so many temporary aspects fade away, let us listen to the ancient hymn, the spectacular song of the seas, that has saluted so many chains rising to the light.
Tectonics of Asia (1924), 165, trans. Albert V. and Marguerite Carozzi.
Science quotes on:  |  Earth (250)  |  Research (360)

How to start on my adventure—how to become a forester—was not so simple. There were no schools of Forestry in America. ... Whoever turned his mind toward Forestry in those days thought little about the forest itself and more about its influences, and about its influence on rainfall first of all. So I took a course in meteorology, which has to do with weather and climate. and another in botany, which has to do with the vegetable kingdom—trees are unquestionably vegetable. And another in geology, for forests grow out of the earth. Also I took a course in astronomy, for it is the sun which makes trees grow. All of which is as it should be, because science underlies the forester's knowledge of the woods. So far I was headed right. But as for Forestry itself, there wasn't even a suspicion of it at Yale. The time for teaching Forestry as a profession was years away.
In Breaking New Ground (1947, 1998), 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Astronomy (105)  |  Biography (199)  |  Botany (30)  |  Earth (250)  |  Forester (2)  |  Forestry (5)  |  Geology (145)  |  Growth (70)  |  Influence (47)  |  Kingdom (18)  |  Knowledge (679)  |  Meteorology (15)  |  Profession (26)  |  Simplicity (92)  |  Sun (115)  |  Suspicion (14)  |  Teaching (64)  |  Tree (88)  |  Underlie (2)  |  Vegetable (12)  |  Weather (10)  |  Wood (16)

I felt I was moving among two groups [literary intellectuals and scientists] comparable in intelligence, identical in race, not grossly different in social origin, earning about the same incomes, who had almost ceased to communicate at all, who in intellectual, moral and psychological climate had so little in common that instead of going from Burlington Hom or South Kensington to Chelsea, one might have crossed an ocean.
The Two Cultures: The Rede Lecture (1959), 2
Science quotes on:  |  Cessation (10)  |  Common (44)  |  Cross (3)  |  Income (4)  |  Intellectual (13)  |  Intelligence (76)  |  Moral (38)  |  Ocean (56)  |  Origin (36)  |  Race (36)  |  Society (84)

If we look round the world, there seem to be not above six distinct varieties in the human species, each of which is strongly marked, and speaks the kind seldom to have mixed with any other. But there is nothing in the shape, nothing in the faculties, that shows their coming from different originals; and the varieties of climate, of nourishment, and custom, are sufficient to produce every change.
In History of the Earth and Animated Nature (1774, 1812), Vol. 2, 154.
Science quotes on:  |  Anthropology (32)  |  Change (133)  |  Evolution (342)  |  Human (168)  |  Nourishment (12)  |  Origin (36)  |  Species (96)  |  Variety (29)  |  World (231)

Now it is a well-known principle of zoological evolution that an isolated region, if large and sufficiently varied in its topography, soil, climate and vegetation, will give rise to a diversified fauna according to the law of adaptive radiation from primitive and central types. Branches will spring off in all directions to take advantage of every possible opportunity of securing food. The modifications which animals undergo in this adaptive radiation are largely of mechanical nature, they are limited in number and kind by hereditary, stirp or germinal influences, and thus result in the independent evolution of similar types in widely-separated regions under the law of parallelism or homoplasy. This law causes the independent origin not only of similar genera but of similar families and even of our similar orders. Nature thus repeats herself upon a vast scale, but the similarity is never complete and exact.
'The Geological and Faunal Relations of Europe and America during the Tertiary Period and the Theory of the Successive Invasions of an African Fauna', Science (1900), 11, 563-64.
Science quotes on:  |  Adaptation (23)  |  Branch (23)  |  Completeness (9)  |  Evolution (342)  |  Exactness (13)  |  Family (15)  |  Fauna (5)  |  Food (77)  |  Genus (13)  |  Heredity (43)  |  Independence (19)  |  Influence (47)  |  Isolation (16)  |  Law (273)  |  Modification (22)  |  Order (60)  |  Parallelism (2)  |  Region (9)  |  Repetition (18)  |  Scale (21)  |  Similarity (14)  |  Soil (24)  |  Type (15)  |  Variation (34)  |  Vast (20)  |  Vegetation (12)  |  Zoology (12)

Plants, in a state of nature, are always warring with one another, contending for the monopoly of the soil,—the stronger ejecting the weaker,—the more vigorous overgrowing and killing the more delicate. Every modification of climate, every disturbance of the soil, every interference with the existing vegetation of an area, favours some species at the expense of others.
(With Thomas Thomson) Flora Indica: A Systematic Account of the Plants of British India (1855), 41.
Science quotes on:  |  Plant (96)  |  Soil (24)  |  Succession (30)  |  Vegetation (12)

Scientists can only carry on with their work, addressing legitimate questions as they arise and challenging misinformation. … Scientists work to fill the gaps in human knowledge and to build a theory that can explain observations of the world. Climate sceptics revel in such gaps, sometimes long after they have been filled.
Editorial, Nature (28 Jul 2011), 475, 423-424.
Science quotes on:  |  Building (34)  |  Climate Change (25)  |  Explanation (88)  |  Filling (3)  |  Gap (9)  |  Global Warming (19)  |  Human (168)  |  Knowledge (679)  |  Legitimate (3)  |  Misinformation (2)  |  Observation (264)  |  Question (159)  |  Research (360)  |  Revel (2)  |  Scientist (237)  |  Skeptic (5)  |  Theory (353)  |  Work (198)  |  World (231)

Statements about climate trends must be based on, er, trends. Not individual events or occurrences. Weather is not climate, and anecdotes are not statistics.
In article, 'Dear Donald Trump: Winter Does Not Disprove Global Warming', on the Mother Jones website (2 Jan 2014).
Science quotes on:  |  Anecdote (15)  |  Basis (25)  |  Climate Change (25)  |  Event (49)  |  Global Warming (19)  |  Individual (59)  |  Occurrence (21)  |  Statement (28)  |  Statistics (82)  |  Trend (8)  |  Weather (10)

The advance from the simple to the complex, through a process of successive differentiations, is seen alike in the earliest changes of the Universe to which we can reason our way back, and in the earliest changes which we can inductively establish; it is seen in the geologic and climatic evolution of the Earth; it is seen in the unfolding of every single organism on its surface, and in the multiplication of kinds of organisms; it is seen in the evolution of Humanity, whether contemplated in the civilized individual, or in the aggregate of races; it is seen in the evolution of Society in respect alike of its political, its religious, and its economical organization; and it is seen in the evolution of all those endless concrete and abstract products of human activity which constitute the environment of our daily life. From the remotest past which Science can fathom, up to the novelties of yesterday, that in which Progress essentially consists, is the transformation of the homogeneous into the heterogeneous.
Progress: Its Law and Cause (1857), 35.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (19)  |  Activity (48)  |  Advancement (26)  |  Aggregation (4)  |  Change (133)  |  Civilization (90)  |  Complexity (51)  |  Concrete (7)  |  Contemplation (17)  |  Daily Life (3)  |  Differentiation (11)  |  Early (10)  |  Earth (250)  |  Economy (25)  |  Environment (75)  |  Establishment (19)  |  Evolution (342)  |  Fathom (3)  |  Geology (145)  |  Heterogeneity (3)  |  Homogeneity (3)  |  Humanity (46)  |  Individual (59)  |  Induction (22)  |  Kind (27)  |  Multiplication (11)  |  Novelty (9)  |  Organism (70)  |  Organization (51)  |  Past (42)  |  Politics (52)  |  Process (97)  |  Product (33)  |  Race (36)  |  Reason (173)  |  Religion (120)  |  Remoteness (4)  |  Simplicity (92)  |  Society (84)  |  Succession (30)  |  Surface (37)  |  Transformation (27)  |  Unfolding (5)  |  Universe (291)  |  Yesterday (3)

The California climate makes the sick well and the well sick, the old young and the young old.
Anonymous
American saying
Science quotes on:  |  Age (60)  |  Health (93)  |  Proverb (18)

The Earth would only have to move a few million kilometers sunward—or starward—for the delicate balance of climate to be destroyed. The Antarctic icecap would melt and flood all low-lying land; or the oceans would freeze and the whole world would be locked in eternal winter. Just a nudge in either direction would be enough.
In Rendezvous With Rama (1973), 9.
Science quotes on:  |  Antarctic (4)  |  Balance (24)  |  Delicate (6)  |  Earth (250)  |  Eternal (14)  |  Flood (16)  |  Freezing (8)  |  Kilometer (2)  |  Land (27)  |  Lock (2)  |  Melting (5)  |  Million (29)  |  Ocean (56)  |  Winter (11)

The human organism inherits so delicate an adjustment to climate that, in spite of man's boasted ability to live anywhere, the strain of the frozen North eliminates the more nervous and active types of mind.
The Red Man's Continent: A Chronicle of Aboriginal America (1919), 20.
Science quotes on:  |  America (41)

The long summer was over. For ages a tropical climate had prevailed over a great part of the earth, and animals whose home is now beneath the Equator roamed over the world from the far South to the very borders of the Arctics ... But their reign was over. A sudden intense winter, that was also to last for ages, fell upon our globe.
Geological Sketches (1866), 208.
Science quotes on:  |  Earth (250)  |  Ice Age (4)

The world's forests need to be seen for what they are—giant global utilities, providing essential public services to humanity on a vast scale. They store carbon, which is lost to the atmosphere when they burn, increasing global warming. The life they support cleans the atmosphere of pollutants and feeds it with moisture. They act as a natural thermostat, helping to regulate our climate and sustain the lives of 1.4 billion of the poorest people on this Earth. And they do these things to a degree that is all but impossible to imagine.
Speech (25 Oct 2007) at the World Wildlife Fund gala dinner, Hampton Court Palace, announcing the Prince's Rainforests Project. On the Prince of Wales website.
Science quotes on:  |  Atmosphere (42)  |  Burn (12)  |  Carbon (28)  |  Carbon Cycle (3)  |  Clean (7)  |  Deforestation (27)  |  Essential (41)  |  Forest (54)  |  Giant (15)  |  Global (6)  |  Humanity (46)  |  Increase (36)  |  Life (460)  |  Loss (44)  |  Moisture (5)  |  Natural (48)  |  Pollution (16)  |  Poverty (21)  |  Regulation (13)  |  Store (6)  |  Support (26)  |  Sustain (4)  |  Utility (9)  |  Vast (20)  |  Warming (2)

Under the... new hypothesis [of Continental Drift] certain geological concepts come to acquire a new significance amounting in a few cases to a complete inversion of principles, and the inquirer will find it necessary to re-orient his ideas. For the first time he will get glimpses... of a pulsating restless earth, all parts of which are in greater or less degree of movement in respect to the axis of rotation, having been so, moreover, throughout geological time. He will have to leave behind him—perhaps reluctantly—the dumbfounding spectacle of the present continental masses, firmly anchored to a plastic foundation yet remaining fixed in space; set thousands of kilometres apart, it may be, yet behaving in almost identical fashion from epoch to epoch and stage to stage like soldiers, at drill; widely stretched in some quarters at various times and astoundingly compressed in others, yet retaining their general shapes, positions and orientations; remote from one another through history, yet showing in their fossil remains common or allied forms of terrestrial life; possessed during certain epochs of climates that may have ranged from glacial to torrid or pluvial to arid, though contrary to meteorological principles when their existing geographical positions are considered -to mention but a few such paradoxes!
Our Wandering Continents: An Hypothesis of Continental Drifting (1937), 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Continental Drift (3)  |  Fossil (73)

Very old and wide-spread is the opinion that forests have an important impact on rainfall. ... If forests enhance the amount and frequency of precipitation simply by being there, deforestation as part of agricultural expansion everywhere, must necessarily result in less rainfall and more frequent droughts. This view is most poignantly expressed by the saying: Man walks the earth and desert follows his steps! ... It is not surprising that under such circumstances the issue of a link between forests and climate has ... been addressed by governments. Lately, the Italian government has been paying special attention to reforestation in Italy and its expected improvement of the climate. ... It must be prevented that periods of heavy rainfall alternate with droughts. ...In the Unites States deforestation plays an important role as well and is seen as the cause for a reduction in rainfall. ... committee chairman of the American Association for Advancement of Science demands decisive steps to extend woodland in order to counteract the increasing drought. ... some serious concerns. In 1873, in Vienna, the congress for agriculture and forestry discussed the problem in detail; and when the Prussian house of representatives ordered a special commission to examine a proposed law pertaining to the preservation and implementation of forests for safeguarding, it pointed out that the steady decrease in the water levels of Prussian rivers was one of the most serious consequences of deforestation only to be rectified by reforestation programs. It is worth mentioning that ... the same concerns were raised in Russia as well and governmental circles reconsidered the issue of deforestation.
as quoted in Eduard Brückner - The Sources and Consequences of Climate Change and Climate Variability in Historical Times editted by N. Stehr and H. von Storch (2000)
Science quotes on:  |  Agriculture (19)  |  Desert (10)  |  Drought (6)  |  Environment (75)  |  Forest (54)  |  Government (50)

WEATHER, n. The climate of an hour. A permanent topic of conversation among persons whom it does not interest, but who have inherited the tendency to chatter about it from naked arboreal ancestors whom it keenly concerned. The setting up of official weather bureaus and their maintenance in mendacity prove that even governments are accessible to suasion by the rude forefathers of the jungle.
The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce (1911), Vol. 7, The Devil's Dictionary,  362-363.
Science quotes on:  |  Conversation (8)  |  Government (50)  |  Humour (96)  |  Jungle (5)  |  Weather (10)

With every throb of the climatic pulse which we have felt in Central Asia,, the centre of civilisation has moved this way and that. Each throb has sent pain and decay to the lands whose day was done, life and vigour to those whose day was yet to be.
Final sentence in his book, The Pulse of Asia (1907), 385.
Science quotes on:  |  Asia (3)  |  Civilization (90)  |  Life (460)

[My] numberless observations... made on the Strata... [have] made me confident of their uniformity throughout this Country & [have] led me to conclude that the same regularity... will be found to extend to every part of the Globe for Nature has done nothing by piecemeal. [T]here is no inconsistency in her productions. [T]he Horse never becomes an Ass nor the Crab an Apple by any intermixture or artificial combination whatever[. N]or will the Oak ever degenerate into an Ash or an Ash into an Elm. [H]owever varied by Soil or Climate the species will still be distinct on this ground. [T]hen I argue that what is found here may be found elsewhere[.] When proper allowances are made for such irregularities as often occur and the proper situation and natural agreement is well understood I am satisfied there will be no more difficulty in ascertaining the true quality of the Strata and the place of its possition [sic] than there is now in finding the true Class and Character of Plants by the Linean [sic] System.
Natural Order of the Strata in England and Wales Accurately Delineated and Described, unpublished manuscript, Department of Geology, University of Oxford, 1801, f. 7v.
Science quotes on:  |  Allowance (2)  |  Apple (13)  |  Artificial (13)  |  Ash (6)  |  Ass (3)  |  Character (39)  |  Class (27)  |  Combination (37)  |  Conclusion (74)  |  Confidence (16)  |  Crab (2)  |  Distinction (19)  |  Elm (3)  |  Horse (17)  |  Irregularity (5)  |  Nature (534)  |  Oak (7)  |  Observation (264)  |  Piecemeal (3)  |  Plant (96)  |  Regularity (11)  |  Soil (24)  |  Strata (15)  |  Uniformity (12)


Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Custom Quotations Search - custom search within only our quotations pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Author Icon
who invites your feedback

Today in Science History

Most Popular

Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.
- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton